Aerobic vs. Anaerobic Training: What Do They Mean?

When you hear “aerobics,” you may think about high school gym class or Jazzercise, but it’s so much more than that. What about “anaerobic”? This may not be a commonly used term, but it describes common exercises you probably engage in on a regular basis. Let’s take a closer look at each.

Aerobic exercises (aka cardio) are used for moderate-intensity training and require a continual intake of oxygen. During these exercises, your body burns fat at a higher rate (which returns to normal when you’re done) and begins to build stamina with regular training. Aerobic exercises should cause a degree of physical exertion, but not so much that you get winded too easily or are unable to carry on a conversation. This training helps weight loss, strengthens the heart and lungs, improves your mood, and may help reduce your risk of diabetes, osteoporosis, heart disease, hypertension, and more. Examples of aerobic exercise include:

  • Running
  • Walking
  • Swimming
  • Biking
  • Hiking
  • Dancing
  • Skiing
  • Kickboxing

Anaerobic exercises offer a high-intensity workout that pushes your body and accelerates your heart rate. These exercises put a big strain on you and require frequent breaks. Not only do you burn calories at an advanced rate, you continue to burn calories faster for up to two hours after you’ve completed your workout. This training helps form lean muscle, aids weight loss, and builds endurance. Examples of anaerobic exercise include:

  • Sprinting
  • Weightlifting
  • Push Ups
  • Squats
  • Jumping Rope
  • Sports that require constant movement, like tennis, basketball, and soccer

Now that you understand the difference between aerobic and anaerobic training and the best exercises for each, you can decide which one will help you reach your goals—or, you can get the most out of your exercise and combine them! Have you injured yourself while exercising or playing a sport? Contact Orlin & Cohen, Long Island’s leading orthopedic practice. Immediate appointments are available: Schedule yours now.